Modern Philos.


Progress Isn't Natural  -  The Atlantic Monthly

Are We Really So Modern ?  -  The New Yorker

 Beginnings of Modern Science 

 The Enlightenment 

Dicourse on Method - Part IV only!

Cartesian Circle

Forgotten Founders

Kant  -  What Is Enlightenment?   

Kant  -  Perpetual Peace

  Rationalism / Empiricism

Voltaire (Tolerance)

Voltaire   doc.

Epistemology  doc.

 Leibniz       MONADOLOGY      /    

Abridgement of  THEODICY  

Metaphysics of VR !

Hume's  Enquiry  -  Sections 9 - 12

 Wollstonecraft  (Vindication)

Selections from Kant's "Prolegomena"

MW !





The philosophy of Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) is sometimes called the "Copernican revolution of philosophy" to emphasize its novelty and huge importance. Kant synthesized (brought together) rationalism and empiricism. After Kant, the old debate between rationalists and empiricists ended, and epistemology went in a new direction. After Kant, no discussion of reality or knowledge could take place without awareness of the role of the human mind in constructing reality and knowledge.

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Discourse On Method

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Montaigne on Self-Esteem

How Rousseau Predicted Trump   -  The New Yorker

Pat Robertson Haiti


Trading Places

Hume's  Autobiography

Hume's  Abstract

Hume On Identity

Kant study guide

Kant ppt.

examples - apriori / a posteriori 

Meditation2  youtube robot

 Theodicy on youtube

Cosmological Argument youtube

Age of Reason  Thomas Paine

Stanford Philosophy Encyclopedia

Internet Philosophy Encyclopedia

Philosophy Dictionary

Epistemology Library

Squashed Philosophers



Squashed ENQUIRY

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Kant Song!

Kant with Art

Voltaire + Jefferson

Enlightenment, Part 1

Enlightenment, Part 2

Enlight. clip

Galileo's Trial:   1   /   2   / 3

Kant WIE youtube

Kant R+E  youtube

Hume, Miracles ppt.

Hume, Abstract ppt.

Theodicy ppt.

Wollstonecraft ppt.

Descartes + WaxDescartes + Matrix

Secrets of Psychics... 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 / 6

Erotic Ontology of Cyberspace

The Essence of "VR"

3-min. Locke    /     3-min. Hume

Why Study Philosophy?

Leibniz - Contingency Argument 

School of Life - David Hume

Of Med.2, Descartes wrote... You say you want to stop and ask whether I'm wedded to the view that the soul always thinks. Why shouldn't it always think, given that is a thinking substance? It's not surprising that we don't remember the thoughts the soul had when in the womb or in a deep sleep, because there are many other thoughts that we also don't remember, although we know we had them as healthy, wide-awake adults. While the mind is joined to the body, its only way of remembering its past thoughts is by applying itself to traces of those thoughts imprinted on the brain. So wouldn't we expect that the brain of an infant, or of a man fast asleep, is not in a good state for receiving these traces?

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